Physical education is a school-based instructional opportunity that provides students with a planned, sequential, K-12 standards-based program of curricula designed to develop motor skills, knowledge and behaviors for active living, physical fitness, sportsmanship, self-efficacy and emotional intelligence. The outcome of a quality physical education program is a physically literate individual who has the knowledge, skills, and confidence to enjoy a lifetime of healthy physical activity.
“Physical literacy is the ability to move with competence and confidence in a wide variety of physical activities in multiple environments that benefit the healthy development of the whole person.” – SHAPE America
Grade Level(s): 3rd-5th
Related Priority Standards (State &/or National):
- Missouri Physical Education Grade Level Expectations (2007)
- MOAPHERD Missouri Physical Education Grade Level Expectations (2016)
- National Standards for K-12 Physical Education
K-5 physical education curricula are built around the five standards for K-12 physical education, common essential questions, and a shared enduring understanding.
- Standard 1: The physically literate individual demonstrates competency in a variety of motor skills and movement patterns.
- Standard 2: The physically literate individual applies knowledge of concepts, principles, strategies and tactics related to movement and performance.
- Standard 3: The physically literate individual demonstrates the knowledge and skills to achieve and maintain a health-enhancing level of physical activity and fitness.
- Standard 4: The physically literate individual exhibits responsible personal and social behavior that respects self and others.
- Standard 5: The physically literate individual recognizes the value of physical activity for health, enjoyment, challenge, self-expression and/or social interaction.
- What concepts, principles, strategies, and tactics are related to movement and performance?
- How can I achieve and maintain health-enhancing levels of physical activity and fitness?
- How can I demonstrate responsible personal and social behavior that respects self and others?
- What is the value of physical activity?
Enduring Understanding/Big Idea
The ability, confidence, and desire to be physically active throughout life is essential to the healthy development of the whole person.
Course-Level Scope & Sequence (Units &/or Skills)
Unit 1 - Safety
- Safety concepts are introduced at the beginning of each year, with instruction spiraled over the course of units, as appropriate. Topics include effective use of recess and PE equipment, spatial awareness, injury prevention (warm ups/cool down), school safety drills, and special events such as bike rodeo, fishing, and other field trips.
Unit 2 - Movement Concepts 1: Locomotor & Non-locomotor
- Students in 3rd-5th grade develop the ability to combine movement concepts (i.e. direction, levels, force, time) with skills.
- Non-locomotor concepts include stretching (combined with movement) and transfer of weight (including feet to hands), and use of different bases.
Unit 3 - Movement Concepts 2: Gymnastics, Tumbling, Rhythm, and Dance
- Students in 3rd-5th grade should be able to do those learned in K-2 (see below) and combine those skills in a sequence, to be self- and peer reviewed.
- Jumping skills include star, tuck, pike, turns, and straddle.
- Landing skills include single/double support and landing concepts (i.e. bent knees, arms for balance, land soft).
- Balance/stability skills include those with and without an apparatus (i.e. single/double support, front, right, left, back, double-knee balance, v-sit).
- Weight transfer skills include rolls, inversions, bridge, and back bend.
- Rhythm, dance, and movement may include the use of lummi sticks, tinikling, jump rope, ribbon wands, cardio drumming, and clapping patterns.
- 5th grade students will create and perform their own routine
Unit 4 - Fitness & Fitness Testing
- Fitness concepts include the importance of warm up and cool down, heart rate and breathing, use of fitness stations, and goal-setting/progress monitoring around FitnessGram assessments.
Unit 5 - Skill Development
- Manipulative skill development in 3rd-5th focuses on students' advanced use of hands and feet.
- Use of hands includes throwing (overhand, underhand, passing), catching, dribbling, volleying, and striking (short and long implement).
- Use of feet includes dribbling, kicking/passing, and receiving
- Jump rope skills include tricks, running in and out of a moving rope, developing a routine, increasing stamina, and connecting to overall fitness.
Unit 6 - Lifetime Activities
- Lifetime activies to be developed across K-5 include swimming, fishing, archery, biking, orienteering, ropes course, roller skating, rock climbing, bowling, yard games (ie. bean bag toss, washers, ladder golf, SpikeBall, Can Jam), golf, disc golf, tennis/racquet sports, and mindfulness/stretching.
Course Resources & Materials: A range of PE equipment is available to students and teachers at each elementary school. Teachers may also use YouTube videos and/or apps to support teaching of skills and videos (i.e.GoNoodle) to promote physical activity. FitnessGram is used to monitor student progress on fitness assessments.
Date Last Revised/Approved: 2019