• Critical Thinking & Civil Discourse - Connections to Standards & Curriculum

    The work of critical thinking and civil discourse aligns with a number of Missouri Learning Standards, including several KSD Priority Standards.  These are particularly evident in English/language arts, social-emotional learning, and digital citizenship, often while exploring issues relevant to science and social studies.  Skill development scales up as students move into upper elementary school and middle/high school, as does students’ ability to engage with more complex topics. The examples noted below are meant only to provide insight into a range of specific skills, with variations of these standards found in numerous grade levels.

    Alignment with Key Grade Level Skills & Standards

    K-8 SEL

    Take the perspective of and empathize with others, include those from diverse backgrounds and cultures

    K-5 ELA

    Participate in a variety of collaborative conversations to understand diverse perspectives, respectfully taking turns talking and listening

    Gr3 DigCit

    Recognize that photos/videos can be altered digitally, identifying reasons why someone might alter media

    4-5 ELA

    Report on a topic or tell a story and use descriptive and relevant details to support points in speaking, making reasoning clear to the listener

    Gr6 DigCit

    Differentiate fake news from credible news and evaluate the credibility of information found on the internet

    6-8 ELA

    Cite several pieces of specific textual evidence to most strongly support inferences, conclusions, judgments, and ideas

    6-8 ELA

    Delineate a speaker’s argument and claims, evaluating reasoning and sufficiency of evidence in order to pose questions that connect the ideas of several speakers and respond to others’ questions and comments with relevant evidence, observations, ideas

    6-8 ELA

    Acknowledge new information expressed by others, including those presented in diverse media and, when warranted, qualify or justify their own views in light of evidence presented

    6-8 SocSt

    Identify and apply multiple perspectives in civil discourse to support a final conclusion using credible sources

    9-10 ELA

    Respond thoughtfully to diverse perspectives including those presented in diverse media, summarize points of agreement and disagreement, resolve contradictions when possible, and determine what additional information or research is needed 

    Gr10 DigCit

    Define confirmation bias and why it occurs, particularly related to news and online information, and identify strategies for challenging one’s own confirmation biases

    11-12 ELA

    Work with peers to promote civil, democratic discussions and decision-making, set clear goals and deadlines, and establish individual roles as needed

    Gr12 DigCit

    Identify strategies for escaping “filter bubbles,” or situations in which we are exposed to only perspectives we agree with, making sure ideas about the world are being challenged